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Several popular Kyrgyz legends refer to a 130 meters high mountain near the city of Osh by the name of ‘King Solomon’s throne’ (Takht-i-Sulaiman).
According to the Russian researcher Vladimir Bartold, during the 10th century the Jewish population in the eastern regions of Iran was larger than that of the Christians.
Modern Period At the end of the 18th century, a special Imperial law gave permission to affluent Central Asian merchants to become members of trade corporations in the Russian Empire.
As a rule, these traders in addition to their commercial activity carried special diplomatic and espionage missions.
The Central Asian Republic of Kyrgyzstan achieved its independence in 1991, following the collapse of the Soviet Union.
With two thirds of its territory covered by mountains and only one third suitable for agriculture, it used to be one of the smallest republics of the Soviet Union yet inhabited by people belonging to more than eighty different nationalities.
Moses Raphailov, a merchant from the Kashghar region (at the time Kyrgyzstan was a part of Kashgharia), collected important strategic information for the Russian government and subsequently was awarded in 1811 an important gold medal for his ‘special contribution to the prosperity of the Russian Government’.